Climate Change Is Standing On Thin Ice Across The World

Julia Knies, staff writter

Hang on for a minute...we're trying to find some more stories you might like.

Email This Story

With a surge of super storms across the planet, concerns for climate change are increasing. People are becoming more aware of the effects and causes of human-induced climate change.

The average summer temperature will be ten degrees hotter by 2100 according to Climate Central, a nonprofit group. The daily temperature year round is predicted to increase three to five degrees by 2050, and in Phoenix alone, the number of days above 100 degrees are expected to jump from 121 days in the year 2000 to 147 days in 2050.

“Our whole environment and everything in it is all out of whack and off, so the things that are happening are because of it,” said Lola Draper, a junior.

The 2017 fire season in California was one of the most destructive yet, with three major wildfires causing a lot of damage. There were also four hurricanes in 2017—which is the most that there have been in a long time.

“We’re getting these super hurricanes full of moisture because the oceans are warmer and the atmosphere is warmer. Warmer gas holds more water, so we get these heavy hurricanes that move very slowly and drop tons of rain causing flooding,” said Jennifer Reisener, a chemistry teacher.

The increase in wildfires could be the result of temperatures rising, which effects the moisture levels in soil. It can also be from climate change altering ecosystems, making them more susceptible to fire.

“It’s becoming hotter and hotter quicker and earlier in the year, and it’s staying cold for less time, therefore the plants are dying. It’s easier for things to burn,” said Emma Pedersen, a sophomore.

Climate change is the umbrella that covers global warming, oceans warming and rising, and other global phenomena. A lot of this change can be credited to the burning of fossil fuels, according to NASA. Global warming on the other hand refers to the upward temperature trend across earth since the early twentieth century, and people’s opinions tend to vary on whether or not it is real.

“They go hand in hand, with global warming comes climate change,” said Pedersen.

Since 1880, the average global temperature has risen about 0.8 degrees Celsius (1.4 degrees Fahrenheit). Such a minuscule change in temperature does not seem like it would have such a large effect on the planet, but just a five degree temperature drop globally resulted in ice covering a large part of North America over 20,000 years ago, according to NASA.

“Enough data has been accumulated over the past fifty to a hundred years to say, with pretty good evidence, that humans have caused the climate to get warmer, so [global warming] is not controversial in the scientific community. It is only controversial politically,” said Reisener.

Another aspect of climate change is the Greenhouse Effect, which is when gases—for example, carbon dioxide and methane—trap the sun’s heat, causing the planet to warm

“The overall gases in the environment due to the Greenhouse Effect, it’s just affecting everything, all over the globe, like in Antarctica and the ice caps and all of that,” said Lola Draper, a junior.

Some ways to slow down human-induced climate change include using renewable energy sources—such as wind and solar power, switching to energy efficient appliances, and conserving water. Simple changes in home can be made such as switching light bulbs to LEDs instead of incandescents, carpooling, and unplugging appliances or electronics that are not in use.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email